Surface water drainage systems heavily rely on performant channel drains in either plastic (HDPE or PP) or concrete. The channel drain is a crucial part of a drainage system. It also has other names such as trench drain, line drain, slot drain, or drainage channel. A channel drainage system:
Does not require deep excavation and, in some cases, may remain at ground level
Requires only a limited number of components, making transportation and installation relatively easy
Is easy to install and modify if needed
Eliminates the risks posed by water buildup and stagnant water while being an easy solution with a relatively low cost.
A channel drain system is also long-lasting, easy to maintain, and can help reduce soil erosion. Let's break down the steps and learn how to install channel drains.
The 11 steps needed to complete a channel drain installation:
Diga trench for the channels, at least 50mm deep and 100mm wide. The depth and width depends on the use. For example, a driveway drainage channel will require less space than an airport runway channel.
Attacha string line to show the finishing height of the grate (around 2mm lower than the surrounding surface level).
Factor in a 5mm fall for every 1m of channel drain length (1:200 ratio).
Begin the installation of sections at the lowest point (where the section meets the drain). Use any section that requires cutting to length at the highest point, furthest from the drain outlet.
Connectthe channel drains through the connecting slots at the ends of the sections. Install sections with their grates in place to allow for height accuracy against the surrounding surface.
Fit an end cap to the final section. The end cap should always feature at the highest point.
Seal joints and end caps with a silicone sealant to improve durability, leak resistance, and performance.
Attach the section to your underground drainage, allowing collected surface water and/or foul water to disperse.
Prior to pouring concrete, protect the drainage channel grates with heavy duty masking tape.
Pour concrete to create a 2mm height difference above the grate section of the drainage channels.
Wait 72 hours before putting weight on the concrete or moving the drainage channel grates to avoid damaging them.
Despite its impactful role in caring for the land around it, people often overlook and underestimate surface water drainage. Failure of drainage systems is a common occurrence. Why do some surface water drainage systems fail?
Occasionally, minor installation errors affect the overall effectiveness of the drainage system. The results can cause stagnant water buildup, water seepage, and eventual flooding. While this can cause significant damage to a building, it can also negatively impact the natural environment surrounding it.
The three most prominent mistakes during channel drain installation:
1 Planning errors
Good planning and knowing the terrain are important for installing channel drainage without any issues. For example, not following the trench size guidelines can lead to the failure of the drainage system.
Common planning mistakes can lead to drainage system failure. Not understanding the substrate or miscalculating the slope can reduce flow rate and cause blockages in the system. Talk with a skilled installer about how to install drainage channels for your specific project.
2 Unsuitable materials
Drainage pipes will experience a significant amount of weight and pressure when used regularly. This is especially true when vehicles pass over them frequently.
When selecting drainage channels, consider their load capacity, potential temperature changes, and the deterioration of channel integrity over time. There is a wide array and a variety of types of channels available. They come in various materials like concrete, plastic, cast iron, ductile iron, or even stainless steel.
Using plastic channel drains where concrete channel drains are necessary may cause the failure of the drainage system. Pay attention to the various types of channel drains and grates and their typical uses. Plastic channel drains have a number of benefits but cannot replace concrete channels where they are needed.
3 Incorrect water flow rate calculation
Incorrect calculation of water output can lead to choosing narrow channels and pipes. These narrow channels and pipes may not efficiently dispose of surface and foul water. As a result, blockages can occur, causing water to seep into the building's walls and structure.
Dakota Group is a building materials supplier that serves primarily the EMEA region. As a leading European supplier of building materials, we offer a range of drainage supplies that work together within highly performant systems. We have established ourselves as a reliable drainage supplier, with over four thousand customers that choose the products from our Drain catalogue.